Peru's persistently high maternal mortality ratio, the second highest in South America, dramatically illustrates systemic inequities that ravage the overall society and in turn reflect systematic violations of human rights and vast disparities in the health care system.
In July 2007, PHR sent a two-person team to Afghanistan to assess continuing need for forensic assistance in establishing accountability for serious war crimes and crimes against humanity, with a view to ending impunity and to establish the truth of what happened in the past. An expected outcome is to undertake forensic investigations relating to mass graves.
This 2007 report by PHR and Human Rights First demonstrated that "enhanced" interrogation techniques are likely to cause "severe" or "serious" physical and mental harm to detainees.
Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland,the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world.10 The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights.
Stigma and discrimination are critical factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS. Health care professionals face enormous challenges in addressing this problem in society and within the health sector.