Physicians for Human Rights was asked by Dr. Andrei Sakharov and Dr. Irakli Menagarishvili, Minister of Public Health for Soviet Georgia, to provide technical expertise in assessing the possibility that toxic gas or gases had been used in Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia on April 9, 1989.
In the late 1980's Iraq's army attacked Kurdish villages with poison gas. PHR documented the injuries and deaths of Kurdish civilians from these attacks, finding that Iraqi aircraft used bombs containing mustard gas and other lethal chemical agents.
The goal of this fact-finding mission was to investigate and document widespread violations of human rights and medical neutrality which were alleged to have occurred in Panama following civilian unrest and demonstrations beginning in June 1987.
Between July 11 and July 18, 1987, five public health specialists, organized by PHR, visited Seoul, South Korea, to study the effects of an unprecedented use of tear gas in that country against civilians in June and into July, 1987. This report details their findings.