The war in Somalia in the 1990s resulted in catastrophic famine, failed government, and a devastating legacy of land mines left from the civil war in the North. These added significantly to the economic devastation there, and were a principal obstacle in the way of repatriation of hundreds of thousands of refugees who fled to Ethiopia from northern Somalia during the civil war.
In December 1991, Middle East Watch and Physicians for Human Rights sent a delegation to northern Iraq to observe and assist in the exhumation, identification, and determination of probable cause and manner of death of individuals interred in mass and single, unmarked graves.
Since the military overthrow of the democratic Guatemalan government in 1954, soldiers and policemen have tortured and murdered with abandon while tens of thousands of extrajudicial executions and disappearances have never been investigated. "Guatemala: Getting Away With Murder" details two forensic missions conducted to examine the flawed medical and scientific procedures applied in the few death investigations conducted in Guatemala.
In 1991 hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped in Kuwait faced a grave medical crisis due to the flight of most physicians and skilled medical workers, the closure of many hospitals, and the systematic removal of medical equipment and supplies by Iraq. PHR detailed the attack on and dismemberment of the Kuwaiti medical system since the invasion.
This report for the first time called for a comprehensive ban on landmines, an indiscriminate and deadly weapon. The report helped galvanize international attention to the devastating effects of antipersonnel landmines on civilians, particularly children.