This report examines the wars in the former Yugoslavia through the prism of medical neutrality. Hospitals and clinics in or near conflict zones were deliberately and often repeatedly attacked. Patients and medical staff were shot at by snipers, and, in at least one case, forcibly removed from hospital wards and summarily executed.
Over a five month period in 1994, a medical team studied health conditions in thirteen of Cambodia's twenty-four prisons. For the Khmer and the US health professionals it was a disquieting experience.
PHR reveals how Indian police in the state of Punjab deliberately executed, "disappeared", and tortured detainees to stamp out Sikh militant groups.
This report documents that physicians continue to be involved in executions, in violation of ethical and professional codes of conduct. This involvement is often mandated by state law and specified in departmental regulations about execution procedures.
In 1993, the bloody conflict in Indian-controlled Kashmir was in its fourth year. Indian troops had embarked on a "catch and kill" campaign against Muslim militants, resulting in a sharp escalation of human rights abuses. PHR and Human Rights Watch provided comprehensive documentation of the consequences of India's abusive policy in Kashmir in this report.