Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland,the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world.10 The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights.
Stigma and discrimination are critical factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS. Health care professionals face enormous challenges in addressing this problem in society and within the health sector.
In Africa, a mere 3% of the world's trained health workers struggle to combat 24% of the global disease burden. The World Health Organization estimates that sub-Saharan Africa is suffering a shortage of more than 800,000 doctors, nurses, and midwives, and an overall shortfall of nearly 1.5 million health workers.
PHR details the devastating impact that the ongoing, low-intensity conflict in Chiapas has had on the health and human rights of its civilians.
In May 2004 and January and July 2005, through collecting eyewitness testimony from dozens of Darfurian refugees in Chad, and finding ample evidence of an organized attempt to destroy non-Arab groups, PHR compiled a composit picture of massive destruction in Darfur.