In the conflict in Darfur, tens of thousands of civilians have been systematically killed, raped, and starved. PHR performed extensive interviews and qualitatively assessed the nature, circumstances and context of rape as a weapon in the nation's on-going war.
Even as prevention programs aimed at sexual transmission require greater funding, the high risk of HIV transmission in health care settings requires immediate and sustained attention from national and multilateral organizations involved in HIV/AIDS prevention activities. Every year, because of violations of core aspects of the right to health, at least half a million people -- and possible many more -- contract HIV through unsafe medical injections and blood transfusions.
This paper addresses a crisis of severe shortages of human resources in heavily impacted sub-Saharan societies where health care workers who have the opportunity to move to wealthier nations do so, thus rejecting substandard, second-class health systems that their countries and the international community have been too slow to upgrade.
Thai hill tribe women and girls, and Burmese immigrant women and girls, contend with denial of full legal status and gender-based discrimination, which make them vulnerable to trafficking, unsafe migration, subsequent exploitative labor, and sexual exploitation, and place them at increased risk of HIV infection.
US government officials continue to classify certain acts as permissible under the Geneva Conventions; in response to this, PHR has issued the following guiding principles to clarify the US government's legal obligations with regard to interrogations, to help ensure that interrogators prevent and account for acts of torture and/or ill treatment of detainees, and to make clear the health consequences of all forms of torture and ill treatment, including so-called stress and duress coercive techniques.