The Kosovo crisis resulted in the largest population displacement in Europe since the Second World War. Journalists and human rights researchers investigated, documented, and reported many individual accounts of human rights violations taking place in Kosovo. PHR and Columbia University designed this study to establish patterns of human rights violations among Kosovar refugees by Serb forces, using a population-based approach.
The extent to which the Taliban regime has violated the human rights of Afghan women is unparalleled in recent history. In just a few years under Taliban rule, Afghani women went from prominent roles in the health professions, in government, and in teaching, to being beaten for walking on the street without a male chaperone.
PHR reveals how Indian police in the state of Punjab deliberately executed, "disappeared", and tortured detainees to stamp out Sikh militant groups.
In 1993, the bloody conflict in Indian-controlled Kashmir was in its fourth year. Indian troops had embarked on a "catch and kill" campaign against Muslim militants, resulting in a sharp escalation of human rights abuses. PHR and Human Rights Watch provided comprehensive documentation of the consequences of India's abusive policy in Kashmir in this report.
While fighting with Muslim insurgents in Kashmir who demand independence or accession to Pakistan, Indian troops are increasingly targeting civilians. PHR and Asia Watch investigated these efforts to crush support for the guerrilla forces, especially the military's torture of detainees and the government's targeting of health professionals.