Guide to Using the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to Support Health Systems Strengthening in Round 6
This Guide is meant to assist members of Country Coordinating Mechanisms and other individuals and organizations involved in preparing proposals, or providing input into these proposals, for Round 6 of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
Even as prevention programs aimed at sexual transmission require greater funding, the high risk of HIV transmission in health care settings requires immediate and sustained attention from national and multilateral organizations involved in HIV/AIDS prevention activities. Every year, because of violations of core aspects of the right to health, at least half a million people -- and possible many more -- contract HIV through unsafe medical injections and blood transfusions.
Thai hill tribe women and girls, and Burmese immigrant women and girls, contend with denial of full legal status and gender-based discrimination, which make them vulnerable to trafficking, unsafe migration, subsequent exploitative labor, and sexual exploitation, and place them at increased risk of HIV infection.
This paper addresses a crisis of severe shortages of human resources in heavily impacted sub-Saharan societies where health care workers who have the opportunity to move to wealthier nations do so, thus rejecting substandard, second-class health systems that their countries and the international community have been too slow to upgrade.
Fidelity to the patient is a cornerstone of the ethics of health practice; yet physicians, nurses and other health professionals are increasingly called upon to subordinate the patient's interest to some social objective - sometimes at the expense of the rights of the patient. In this book, PHR analyzes the problem of dual loyalty and proposes both practice guidelines and institutional mechanisms to support health professionals facing dual loyalty conflicts.