Even as prevention programs aimed at sexual transmission require greater funding, the high risk of HIV transmission in health care settings requires immediate and sustained attention from national and multilateral organizations involved in HIV/AIDS prevention activities. Every year, because of violations of core aspects of the right to health, at least half a million people -- and possible many more -- contract HIV through unsafe medical injections and blood transfusions.
This paper addresses a crisis of severe shortages of human resources in heavily impacted sub-Saharan societies where health care workers who have the opportunity to move to wealthier nations do so, thus rejecting substandard, second-class health systems that their countries and the international community have been too slow to upgrade.
Thai hill tribe women and girls, and Burmese immigrant women and girls, contend with denial of full legal status and gender-based discrimination, which make them vulnerable to trafficking, unsafe migration, subsequent exploitative labor, and sexual exploitation, and place them at increased risk of HIV infection.
Fidelity to the patient is a cornerstone of the ethics of health practice; yet physicians, nurses and other health professionals are increasingly called upon to subordinate the patient's interest to some social objective - sometimes at the expense of the rights of the patient. In this book, PHR analyzes the problem of dual loyalty and proposes both practice guidelines and institutional mechanisms to support health professionals facing dual loyalty conflicts.
A study demonstrating that women in Herat Province, Afghanistan have an extraordinarily high risk of dying during pregnancy and childbirth, along with the highest maternal mortality ratio in the world outside of Africa.