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Background: Darfur Survival Campaign

Dafur Survival Campaign

Hundreds of thousands of people have died in the ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan. The Sudanese government and militias called the Janjaweed have forced over two million more out of their homes, in the process destroying all means of survival and the infrastructure necessary for their return. The violence continues, and security and protection are urgently needed in the refugee camps.

PHR's Darfur Survival Campaign has mobilized health professionals, students, and members of the general public to press for urgently needed security in Darfur, including augmented African Union troops and a UN peacekeeping force of 20,000, as authorized by UN Security Council Resolution 1706. In addition, the Campaign insists on compensation and restitution for survivors. The Campaign is supported by research conducted in three investigations in the region. Investigators traveled to the Chad-Sudan border to interview survivors of the genocidal attacks and to Darfur to document the devastation of three villages.

Our report Darfur - Assault on Survival: A Call for Security, Restitution and Justice documents the systematic destruction of villages in Darfur by the Janjaweed, who burned down houses, schools and markets, destroyed corps and looted livestock and household possessions. With their homes destroyed, no crops or animals to sustain them, and their attackers pursuing them sometimes for days, the survivors had no choice but to flee to the desert. Many perished in the unforgiving environment; others, reached relative safety in Chad. PHR has cited Article IIc of the Genocide Convention in support of its view that the Janjaweed and the Sudanese government are responsible for genocide in Darfur. Article IIc defines genocide as deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction.

PHR has also released two reports examining sexual violence against Darfuri women: The Use Of Rape As A Weapon Of War In The Conflict In Darfur, Sudan and Nowhere to Turn: Failure to Protect, Support and Assure Justice for Darfuri Women.

Read the Reports

PHR is a member of the Save Darfur campaign.